The Carbon Dioxide Utilisation Network



In the E2C (electrons to chemicals) project, seven partners from the coastal areas of the 2 Seas region combine renewable energy with strong industrial activity. The Programme area covers the coastal regions along the Southern North Sea and the Channel area. Four different Member States are involved: England, France, the Netherlands and Belgium, and the total area represents a total of 88,000 square kilometres. This makes it one of the largest cross-border Programmes in Europe.

The E2C project will look to build pilot scale capacity to develop mobility fuels and other valuable chemicals using carbon dioxide emissions as the carbon source.  CO2Chem through the University of Sheffield is partnering in this project with Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (Netherlands), Technical University Delft (Netherlands), University of Exeter (UK),  Flemish Institute for Technological Research (Belgium) and Lille University (France)

By the end of this project two highly flexible pilot demonstrators will be built for conversion of CO2 with renewable energy and hydrogen to fuels and platform chemicals.

The coastal areas of the 2 Seas region combine (future) availability of renewable energy with strong industrial activity. This leads to the common challenge of handling renewable energy surpluses, diversifying feedstocks in the chemical industry, reducing greenhouse gas emissions in energy intensive industry, and meeting societal and regulatory demands on advanced fuels and sustainable chemicals. “Power-to-X” concepts, using (renewable) electricity as a replacement for oil and gas energy sources in the production of chemical products, allow for the combination of a solution to these challenges with the creation of valuable products. However, several technical and economic hurdles still need to be overcome. These are related to the cost of renewable hydrogen, the technological immaturity of novel electrochemical processes, and the need for demonstrators and business case calculations to convince industry to invest in further development and implementation of these technologies.

More details about the project can be found at

This project has received funding from the Interreg 2 Seas programme 2014-2020 co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund under subsidy contract No 2S03-019.